2024-05-09    2024-05-26    729 字  2 分钟
  1. 通过路由绑定的方式,把交换机和队列连接起来。
  2. 交换机和队列通过路由键进行绑定。
  3. 生产者发送消息时不仅要指定交换机还要指定路由键。
  4. 交换机接收到消息会发送到路由键绑定的队列。
  5. 在编码上Publish/Subscrible发布与订阅模式的区别。
    • 交换机的类型为:Direct。
    • 队列绑定交换机的时候需要指定routing key。 路由模式

一、生产者代码

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package com.atguigu.rabbitmq.routing;  
  
import com.atguigu.rabbitmq.util.ConnectionUtil;  
import com.rabbitmq.client.BuiltinExchangeType;  
import com.rabbitmq.client.Channel;  
import com.rabbitmq.client.Connection;  
import com.rabbitmq.client.ConnectionFactory;  
  
public class Producer {  
  
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {  
  
      Connection connection = ConnectionUtil.getConnection();  
  
      Channel channel = connection.createChannel();  
  
      String exchangeName = "test_direct";  
  
      // 创建交换机  
      channel.exchangeDeclare(exchangeName,BuiltinExchangeType.DIRECT,true,false,false,null);  
  
      // 创建队列  
      String queue1Name = "test_direct_queue1";  
      String queue2Name = "test_direct_queue2";  
  
      // 声明(创建)队列  
      channel.queueDeclare(queue1Name,true,false,false,null);  
      channel.queueDeclare(queue2Name,true,false,false,null);  
  
      // 队列绑定交换机  
      // 队列1绑定error  
      channel.queueBind(queue1Name,exchangeName,"error");  
  
      // 队列2绑定info error warning  
      channel.queueBind(queue2Name,exchangeName,"info");  
      channel.queueBind(queue2Name,exchangeName,"error");  
      channel.queueBind(queue2Name,exchangeName,"warning");  
  
        String message = "日志信息:张三调用了delete方法.错误了,日志级别warning";  
  
        // 发送消息  
        channel.basicPublish(exchangeName,"warning",null,message.getBytes());  
        System.out.println(message);  
  
      // 释放资源  
        channel.close();  
        connection.close();  
  
    }  
  
}

二、消费者代码

1、消费者1号

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package com.atguigu.rabbitmq.routing;  
  
import com.atguigu.rabbitmq.util.ConnectionUtil;  
import com.rabbitmq.client.*;  
import java.io.IOException;  
  
public class Consumer1 {  
  
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {  
  
        Connection connection = ConnectionUtil.getConnection();  
  
        Channel channel = connection.createChannel();  
  
        String queue1Name = "test_direct_queue1";  
  
        channel.queueDeclare(queue1Name,true,false,false,null);  
  
        Consumer consumer = new DefaultConsumer(channel){  
  
            @Override  
            public void handleDelivery(String consumerTag, Envelope envelope, AMQP.BasicProperties properties, byte[] body) throws IOException {  
  
                System.out.println("body:"+new String(body));  
                System.out.println("Consumer1 将日志信息打印到控制台.....");  
  
            }  
  
        };  
  
        channel.basicConsume(queue1Name,true,consumer);  
  
    }  
  
}

2、消费者2号

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package com.atguigu.rabbitmq.routing;  
  
import com.atguigu.rabbitmq.util.ConnectionUtil;  
import com.rabbitmq.client.*;  
import java.io.IOException;  
  
public class Consumer2 {  
  
    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {  
  
        Connection connection = ConnectionUtil.getConnection();  
  
        Channel channel = connection.createChannel();  
  
        String queue2Name = "test_direct_queue2";  
  
        channel.queueDeclare(queue2Name,true,false,false,null);  
  
        Consumer consumer = new DefaultConsumer(channel){  
  
            @Override  
            public void handleDelivery(String consumerTag, Envelope envelope, AMQP.BasicProperties properties, byte[] body) throws IOException {  
  
                System.out.println("body:"+new String(body));  
                System.out.println("Consumer2 将日志信息存储到数据库.....");  
  
            }  
  
        };  
  
        channel.basicConsume(queue2Name,true,consumer);  
  
    }  
  
}

三、运行结果

1、绑定关系

img

2、消费消息

img